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Zoning is the process of planning for land use by a locality to allocate certain kinds of structures in certain areas. Zoning also includes restrictions in different zoning areas, such as height of buildings, use of green space, density (number of structures in a certain area), use of lots, and types of businesses.

Levels or types of zoning include open space, residential, retail, commercial, agricultural, and industrial.

For example, if you wanted to open a business in an area that was zoned as "residential," you might not be able to do it, unless you received a variance (exception).

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