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Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

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Definition:

The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1971 (OSHA) was created to provide U.S. workers with a safe working environment. OSHA is administered through the Department of Labor, but many states have their own OSHA laws.

In general, OSHA requires employers to:

  • Allow OSHA inspections without notice or as a result of an employee complaint
  • Provide workers with information on OSHA protection, through workplace posters and other notifications
  • Provide workers with information on identifying hazardous substances in the workplace and training on how to treat injuries from these substances
  • Provide workers with information on first aid procedures, and protection against blood-borne pathogens in the workplace
  • Provide workers with training on how to deal with fires and other emergencies.

OSHA requires that employers not take action against employees who file complaints alleging OSHA violations.

Also Known As: Job Safety Act, Hazardous Materials Act
Examples:
The OSHA inspector found violations of the blood-borne pathogens regulations in the chiropractic office.

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