The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1971 (OSHA) was created to provide U.S. workers with a safe working environment. OSHA is administered through the Department of Labor, but many states have their own OSHA laws.
In general, OSHA requires employers to:
- Allow OSHA inspections without notice or as a result of an employee complaint
- Provide workers with information on OSHA protection, through workplace posters and other notifications
- Provide workers with information on identifying hazardous substances in the workplace and training on how to treat injuries from these substances
- Provide workers with information on first aid procedures, and protection against blood-borne pathogens in the workplace
- Provide workers with training on how to deal with fires and other emergencies.
OSHA requires that employers not take action against employees who file complaints alleging OSHA violations.